Acute Migraine Attack in Students while taking Online Classes during Pandemic


  • Abdul Zahir



COVID-19, Headache, Migraine, Online classes, Stress.


Objectives: To determine the frequency of migraine in students taking online classes during Covid-19 pandemic.
Study design and setting: Cross-sectional study design using a non-probability convenient sampling technique was
conducted was carried out for a period of three months from August 2021 to November 2021 at Bolan Medical College.
Methodology: The questionnaire comprised of four sections; students’ demography, mean duration of using digital devices
before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, and presenting to the hospital with complaints of headache/migraine. Students
willing to participate were included while students that refused to participate were excluded. SPSS version 23.0 was used
for data analysis. To determine the association between mean duration usage of digital devices, presenting with
headache/migraine or the use of glasses in-between pre-COVID and COVID era, a one-sample t-test was applied keeping
p-<0.05 statistically significant.
Results: From 500 students, the mean age was 18 ± 3.2 years. There were n=274 (54.8%) males and n=226 (45.2%)
females. The mean duration of using digital devices in the pre-COVID era were 1.8 ± 0.7 hours while in the COVID era
were 3.6 ± 1.9 hours. A significant difference was observed in terms of mean duration of digital device usage, frequency
of migraine and use of glasses in COVID-19 era when compared with pre-COVID era.
Conclusion: Increase in use of digital devices during COVID-19 pandemic caused increased complains of headache/migraine
among the students. Additionally majority of students reported decrease in visual acuity during the pandemic due to which
they had to wear glasses.


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How to Cite

Zahir, A. . (2022). Acute Migraine Attack in Students while taking Online Classes during Pandemic. Journal of Bahria University Medical and Dental College, 12(03), 129–132.



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